Life Lexicon
Life Lexicon Home Page

Introduction | 1-9 | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z | Bibliography

:Karel's p15 (p15) An oscillator discovered by Karel Suhajda on December 11, 2002. It consists of a period 15 rotor supported by the domino spark of a pentadecathlon. It provides accessible sparks that can be used to perturb reactions or thin signal streams.

	..O....O..
	..OOOOOO..
	..O....O..
	..........
	..........
	..........
	..OOOOOO..
	.O......O.
	O........O
	.O......O.
	..OOOOOO..

:keeper A type of factory circuit that always results in the presence of an object in the output location, whether or not the object was previously present. It is easy to construct these by connecting multiple circuits to shoot down an object with a glider, then rebuild the object again later. The smallest keeper circuits accomplish the same thing more directly with a lucky spark that removes any existing object, just before the active reaction reconstructs it. Below is a useful block keeper with a Herschel input.

	................O..............................
	................OOO.....OO.....................
	...................O....OO.....................
	..................OO...........................
	...............................................
	...............................................
	...............................................
	...............................................
	...............................................
	................................OO.............
	...............................O.O.............
	................................O..............
	...............................................
	...............................................
	.......OO......................................
	........O......................................
	........O.O....................................
	.........OO....................................
	...............................................
	...............................................
	...............................................
	...............................................
	...............................................
	...............................................
	.........O...................................OO
	.........O.O.................................OO
	.........OOO...................................
	...........O...................................
	...............................................
	...............................................
	..........................OO...................
	..........................OO...................
	..OO...........................................
	...O...........................................
	OOO.........OO.................................
	O...........OO.................................

:keys See short keys, bent keys and odd keys.

:kickback = kickback reaction or 180-degree kickback.

:kickback reaction The following collision of two gliders whose product is a single glider travelling in the opposite direction to one of the original gliders. This is important in the proof of the existence of a universal constructor, and in Bill Gosper's total aperiodic, as well as a number of other constructions.

	.....O..
	......OO
	.OO..OO.
	O.O.....
	..O.....
See also 180-degree kickback.

:kidney A Gosperism for century. See also diuresis.

:killer toads A pair of toads acting together so that they can eat things. Here, for example, are some killer toads eating an HWSS. Similarly they can eat a MWSS (but not a LWSS). For another example see twirling T-tetsons II. See also candlefrobra.

	..OO.......OOO
	O....O....OOO.
	......O.......
	O.....O.......
	.OOOOOO.......
	..........OOO.
	...........OOO

:Klein bottle As an alternative to a torus, it's possible to make a finite Life universe in the form of a Klein bottle. The simplest way to do this is to use an m × n rectangle with the top edge joined to the bottom edge (as for a torus) and the left edge twisted and joined to the right.

:knightship Any spaceship of type (2m,m)/n - that is, a spaceship of any speed that moves obliquely in a (2,1) direction. The first Conway's Life knightship was a variant of Andrew Wade's Gemini spaceship, constructed in May 2010. The next was an even slower knightship based on the half-bakery reaction. A knightship must be asymmetric and its period must be at least 6. This is barely within the range of current search programs, but even though promising pieces of such a ship have been found, as of November 2017 a complete period 6 knightship is still unknown. See partial result.

By analogy with the corresponding fairy chess pieces, spaceships of types (3m,m)/n, (3m,2m)/n and (4m,m)/n would presumably be called camelships, zebraships and giraffeships, respectively. Such spaceships do exist (see universal constructor) but small elementary versions are even more difficult to search for. Any of these ship types could be constructed by trivially modifying a Gemini spaceship, or less trivially by reprogramming one of the more recent small Geminoid construction arms, but as of November 2017 a camelship Gemini is the only example that has been explicitly built.

Alternatively, the term "knightship" is regularly used to refer to any oblique spaceship, such as the original Gemini or the waterbear.

:Kok's galaxy (p8) Found by Jan Kok in 1971. See converter for a use of this sparker.

	OOOOOO.OO
	OOOOOO.OO
	.......OO
	OO.....OO
	OO.....OO
	OO.....OO
	OO.......
	OO.OOOOOO
	OO.OOOOOO

Introduction | 1-9 | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z | Bibliography