Parallel HBK

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Parallel HBK
Parallel HBK image
Pattern type Spaceship
Family Half-baked knightship
Number of cells 132945
Bounding box 31080×32771
Direction Oblique
Slope 2
Period 245912
Mod Unknown
Speed (6,3)c/245912
Heat Unknown
Discovered by Chris Cain
Year of discovery 2014

Parallel half-baked knightship or Parallel HBK is a knightship based on the well-known half-bakery reaction with a glider, and an improvement over the original half-baked knightship. The design was proposed before the first half-baked knightship appeared on the scene, although the actual construction was completed several days later by Chris Cain. This design allows for several slow-salvo construction recipes to be completed in parallel, whereas the first half-baked knightship did all constructions serially.

There are several significant differences in design between the original half-baked knightship and Chris Cain's smaller version. The slow-salvo constructions are done serially in Goucher's design, and an extra glider is used to suppress the salvo that triggers the half-bakery trails.[1]

Consequently, Cain's parallel knightship is much smaller than Goucher's original knightship, in terms of the population count, bounding box and period. It had also been the smallest known example of an oblique spaceship in Conway's Game of Life in terms of the bounding box before discovery of the waterbear later in the same year. However, it is still the smallest true knightship (travelling on slope 2) in terms of cell count.

On December 31, 2014 Michael Simkin found a glider synthesis and allegedly built a gun for this spaceship, but nobody has yet run the Golly script that assembles the gun till the end. The approximate population of the gun would be around 2,000,000,000 cells.

On January 3, 2015 Chris Cain built a gun, that can run in Golly in reasonable time.[2]


  1. Chris Cain (July 17, 2014). "Re: Half-bakery reaction with glider". Retrieved on July 18, 2014.
  2. Chris Cain (January, 2015). "Re: HBK Synth and Gun (script)". Retrieved on January 4, 2015.

See also