Sawtooth 1163
Sawtooth 1163  
View static image  
Pattern type  Sawtooth  

Number of cells  1249  
Bounding box  150×219  
Expansion factor  n/a  
Discovered by  David Bell  
Year of discovery  1992  

Sawtooth 1163 is an orthogonal sawtooth with external timing so that its repeated minimum population generations don't come quite at fixed exponential gaps like most sawtooths. It was found by David Bell on October 27, 1992. Its minimum repeating population is 1163.
This sawtooth works by sending blinker puffer 1, a period 8 blinker puffer found by Robert Wainwright westward. A glider bounces between a fixed reflector in generations 480(2^{n})  701 (n ≥ 1) and a southeastward Cordership in generations 720(2^{n})  661 (n ≥ 1). Each bounce from the fixed reflector releases a salvo (formed in generations 480(2^{n})  310 (n ≥ 1)) consisting of a middleweight spaceship and two lightweight spaceships aimed toward the line of blinkers. The salvo hits the nearest blinker in generation 2400(2^{n}  880n  3115 (n ≥ 1), causing a blinker fuse to form and burn at 2c/3 (another salvo, present in the initial pattern, hits the blinker line in generation 5). When the decay catches up to the puffer, a new line of blinkers starts to form in generations 3840(2^{n})  880n  3760 (n ≥ 0).
When the salvo hits the blinker line, the total population is large (about 180(2^{n}) in generations around 2400(2^{n}). In generation 2400(2^{n})  880n  3115 there are 60(2^{n})  29 blinkers. When the decay catches up with the puffer, the population is bounded below 1200 in generations around 3840(2^{n})  880n. More specifically, if n = 0 then the population reaches a low of 1158, if n = 1 (mod 3) then the population reaches a low of 1183, if n = 2 (mod 3) then the population reaches a low of 1163, and if n ≥ 3 and n = 0 (mod 3) then the population reaches a low of 1187.
Image gallery
The number of alive cells plotted versus the number of elapsed generations roughly forms an everincreasing sawtooth graph.
See also
External links
 Sawtooth 1163 at the Life Pattern Catalog