Sparse Life (also called, somewhat confusingly, early universe by John Conway) is the study of the evolution of a soup of vanishingly small density. Such a universe is dominated at an early stage by blocks and blinkers (collectively known as "blonks") in a ratio of about 2:1. Much later it will be dominated by simple infinite growth patterns. The long-term fate of a sparse Life universe is not certain.
- Ethan Wilson (December 28, 2007). "Optimal Broth". Retrieved on June 16, 2009.
- Soup at the Life Lexicon
- Sparse Life at the Life Lexicon
- Early universe at the Life Lexicon