OCA:tlife
See forum thread "Rule definition terminology" for a discussion of which wording to use on LifeWiki to explain differences between rulestrings / rule definitions 
tlife  
Rulestring  2i34q/3 B3/S2i34q 

Character  Chaotic 
tlife is a nontotalistic cellular automaton devised by M. I. Wright on September 6, 2015. It is very closely related to the much more commonly known rule Conway's Game of Life, differing by only two survival transitions in Hensel notation. It is likely one of the beststudied nontotalistic rules in existence.
Rules
tlife is identical to Life, save for two transitions expressed in Hensel notation:
 cells with two adjacent cells in a straight orthogonal line (as in blinker) will die (S2i), and
 cells with four adjacent cells (as in the dense phase of beacon) will survive (+S4q).
The two differing transitions, illustrated:
> 0
> 1
Patterns
Although many patterns from Conway Life still function identically in tlife, some do not; for example, the blinker dies in tlife, and the beacon (depending on the phase) is or evolves into an 8cell still life known as blocktie. Conversely, some patterns from tlife work in normal Life, but some do not.
 

Spaceships
 For other uses of "Ant", see ants.
The glider exists in tlife, and there are two other basic elementary spaceships: a slightly bigger c/4 diagonal called ant and a nonmonotonic c/5 orthogonal (the Ttetromino, usually called simply T or Tship).^{[1]}
Alongside these, other elementary spaceships have been discovered. One such spaceship, which travels at c/2 orthogonal (period 4), is dubbed the disemiMWSS, referencing the fact it looks like two middleweight spaceships interacting with each other; there is also a skewed variant. There is also another c/2 orthogonal spaceship that evolves from a phase of the queen bee, which has several minor variants. Other important spaceships include chains of interacting Ts, a small 2c/6 orthogonal ship, a smalltomedium c/4 orthogonal ship, and a large 8c/282 orthogonal ship consisting of many copies of a puffer of the same speed.^{[2]}^{[3]} There are eaters for the glider, T, and ant, as well as for the queen bee ship and its variants.^{[1]}
In all, c/2, 2c/5, 2c/4, 4c/8, c/3, 2c/6, c/4, c/5, and 8c/282 orthogonal, as well as c/4 diagonal, spaceships are known to exist, discounting higherperiod c/2 technology.^{[2]}
The only named spaceship other than the glider known to function in both CGoL and tlife is the crab; however, several other, unnamed c/4 diagonal spaceships work in both rules.^{[4]}^{[5]} All known spaceships that function in both B3/S23 and B3/S2i34q travel at a velocity of (1,1)c/4.
Oscillators
There is a common unloopable (nonclassical) period160 reflectorless rotating oscillator that often evolves from (what would, in normal Life, be) a loaf predecessor or a honey farm predecessor. Multiple copies of this oscillator can be combined to form interesting patterns such as guns, higherperiod oscillators, and glider or T duplicators. A single copy can also reflect a glider or T, or convert one into the other.^{[1]} There is also a somewhat similar period 33,^{[6]} several p20s based on a failed replicator, a p14 shuttle, a variety of p2 oscillators, small rulespecific period 3, 4, 5, 6, and 8 oscillators,^{[1]}^{[7]} larger billiard tables of all periods up to 10,^{[8]}^{[9]} and an infinitely extensible family of oscillators consisting of replicating signals traveling up and down two diagonal lines of connected blocks.^{[10]} p4, p6, and p8 sparkers have also been found, allowing p16 Thassling oscillators and p6N glider loops for certain N > 4 (exactly which N is unexplored, but it is likely to be all N), as well as p96+40N T shuttles for all N.^{[8]}^{[11]}^{[12]} Combinations of lowerperiod oscillators may lead to p12s and p15s; however, no examples have been explicitly constructed.
The period160 reflectorless rotating oscillator (click above to open LifeViewer) Catagolue: here 
Infinite growth
As mentioned above, multiple copies of the period 160 oscillator can interact to form guns. There exist many guns for the glider and the T consisting of only two copies, as well as two doublebarreled T guns.^{[13]} There is also a gun for the ant consisting of 3 interacting p160 oscillators.^{[1]} By combining multiple basic guns, larger guns have been formed for the c/2, 2c/6, disemiMWSS and skewed variants, as well as pairs of interacting T's. A period 231 T gun is also known, using an overunity reaction supported by reflectors formed from the p33 oscillator.^{[14]}
Several puffers are known. Most known puffers travel at c/2 orthogonal and use one of three engines: one or more Bheptominoes escorted by at least two disemiMWSSs, a Schick enginelike tagalong to a pair of disemiMWSSs, or a p8 engine derived from a 4c/8 ship.^{[15]}^{[16]}^{[2]} These engines can be perturbed by still more disemiMWSSs to form rakes for the glider and the T, as well as presumably for other spaceships.^{[16]}^{[17]} There is also an 8c/282 (mod 141) puffer made up of an ant bouncing between two boats, displacing each in a forward direction while creating a block and a forward T, discovered by dani; Luka Okanishi used this to construct a large 8c/282 ship.^{[18]}^{[3]}
A sawtooth has been constructed, Sawtooth 1761.^{[19]}
There is a breeder consisting of four Schick pufferbased glider rakes repeatedly synthesizing doublebarreled T guns.^{[20]}
No wickstretchers or spacefillers are currently known.
Similar rules
Various rules similar to tlife have been explored, such as B36/S2i34q (tHighlife), B37/S2i34q (tDrylife), and B367/S2i34q (SilverLife).
B36/S2i34q
It has been suggested that this page or section be split into OCA:tHighLife. (Discuss) 
tHighLife  
Rulestring  2i34q/36 B36/S2i34q 

Character  Chaotic 
This rule is commonly known as "tHighLife", due to it sharing a B6 transition with HighLife.
Very interestingly, it has a simple orthogonal replicator which replicates at 4c/11 orthogonal, very similarly to HighLife's own replicator. Luka Okanishi used this to construct a 4c/11 orthogonal spaceship.
The replicator (click above to open LifeViewer) Catagolue: here 
The 4c/11 spaceship (click above to open LifeViewer) Catagolue: here 
B37/S2i34q
It has been suggested that this page or section be split into OCA:tDryLife. (Discuss) 
tDryLife  
Rulestring  2i34q/37 B37/S2i34q 

Character  Chaotic 
This rule is commonly known as "tdrylife", taking its B7 from DryLife.
Unlike DryLife, it is not explosive, and has a lot of very interesting patterns. However, only two relatively common oscillators are the cap and the toad, neither with a usable spark, resulting in no guns having been discovered so far (as opposed to the wellknown rakes). Mangoes are also much more common than in Life.
Many interesting spaceships have been constructed in this rule. For example, there is a naturally occurring 2c/23 orthogonal spaceship involving the T trying to escape a prebeehive. Luka Okanishi used this spaceship to create other patterns moving at this speed. A T forward rake was also built using known reflections for gliders and Ts when colliding with the 2c/23 spaceship.
The 2c/23 ship (click above to open LifeViewer) Catagolue: here 
A c/2 orthogonal spaceship based on 2 Bheptominoes has been seen to occur naturally.
The c/2 ship (click above to open LifeViewer) Catagolue: here 
It has a 11c/776 diagonal glide symmetric pond puffer, which is actually the century. It parallels the Rpentomino based 9c/28 orthogonal pond puffer from DryLife. In June 2017, Luka Okanishi managed to build a 22c/1552 diagonal spaceship using pond puffer interactions.^{[21]}
The pond puffer (click above to open LifeViewer) Catagolue: here 
Most interestingly, there is a (2,6)c/21 (slope 3) ship puffer. This can be stabilised into various interesting patterns, such as a twoengine knightship. Alexey Nigin has created a quadratic growth pattern which uses oblique spaceships to create pond puffers, based on a reaction discovered by Rhombic. A much slower quadratic growth pattern was discovered later by Rhombic, based on the synthesis of pond puffers with a T and a pond.
The (12, 4)c/42 ship puffer (click above to open LifeViewer) Catagolue: here 
B367/S2i34q
It has been suggested that this page or section be split into OCA:SilverLife. (Discuss) 
SilverLife  
Rulestring  2i34q/367 B367/S2i34q 

Character  Chaotic 
This rule is commonly known as "SilverLife", it combines B6 and B7.
It is rich in exotic speeds, including a p91 flamingoship.
The (6, 1)c/91 flamingoship (click above to open LifeViewer) Catagolue: here 
There's also a 7c/55 diagonal pond puffer.
7c/55 diagonal pond puffer (click above to open LifeViewer) Catagolue: here 
References
 ↑ ^{1.0} ^{1.1} ^{1.2} ^{1.3} ^{1.4} M. I. Wright (September 13, 2015). tlife (B3/S2i34q) (discussion thread) at the ConwayLife.com forums
 ↑ ^{2.0} ^{2.1} ^{2.2} Arie Paap (wildmyron) (November 29, 2016). Re: tlife (B3/S2i34q) (discussion thread) at the ConwayLife.com forums
 ↑ ^{3.0} ^{3.1} Luka Okanishi (AbhpzTa) (September 1, 2018). Re: tlife (B3/S2i34q) (discussion thread) at the ConwayLife.com forums
 ↑ praosylen (September 27, 2015). Re: tlife (B3/S2i34q) (discussion thread) at the ConwayLife.com forums
 ↑ praosylen (January 20, 2017). Re: tlife (B3/S2i34q) (discussion thread) at the ConwayLife.com forums
 ↑ Nico Brown (glider_rider) (April 23, 2016). Re: tlife (B3/S2i34q) (discussion thread) at the ConwayLife.com forums
 ↑ Sphenocorona (October 29, 2015). Re: tlife (B3/S2i34q) (discussion thread) at the ConwayLife.com forums
 ↑ ^{8.0} ^{8.1} praosylen (December 14, 2017). Re: tlife (B3/S2i34q) (discussion thread) at the ConwayLife.com forums
 ↑ praosylen (December 22, 2017). Re: tlife (B3/S2i34q) (discussion thread) at the ConwayLife.com forums
 ↑ praosylen (February 28, 2016). Re: tlife (B3/S2i34q) (discussion thread) at the ConwayLife.com forums
 ↑ praosylen (December 16, 2017). Re: tlife (B3/S2i34q) (discussion thread) at the ConwayLife.com forums
 ↑ praosylen (June 4, 2017). Re: tlife (B3/S2i34q) (discussion thread) at the ConwayLife.com forums
 ↑ praosylen (September 20, 2016). Re: tlife (B3/S2i34q) (discussion thread) at the ConwayLife.com forums
 ↑ Luka Okanishi (AbhpzTa) (May 14, 2016). Re: tlife (B3/S2i34q) (discussion thread) at the ConwayLife.com forums
 ↑ praosylen (October 9, 2015). Re: tlife (B3/S2i34q) (discussion thread) at the ConwayLife.com forums
 ↑ ^{16.0} ^{16.1} Sphenocorona (October 9, 2015). Re: tlife (B3/S2i34q) (discussion thread) at the ConwayLife.com forums
 ↑ EricG (October 9, 2015). Re: tlife (B3/S2i34q) (discussion thread) at the ConwayLife.com forums
 ↑ dani (August 29, 2018). Re: tlife (B3/S2i34q) (discussion thread) at the ConwayLife.com forums
 ↑ EricG (November 12, 2015). Re: tlife (B3/S2i34q) (discussion thread) at the ConwayLife.com forums
 ↑ EricG (October 9, 2015). Re: tlife (B3/S2i34q) (discussion thread) at the ConwayLife.com forums
 ↑ Luka Okanishi (AbhpzTa) (June 21, 2017). Re: tDryLife (discussion thread) at the ConwayLife.com forums
External links
 tlife (discussion thread) at the ConwayLife.com forums
 thighlife (discussion thread) at the ConwayLife.com forums
 tdrylife (discussion thread) at the ConwayLife.com forums
 SilverLife (discussion thread) at the ConwayLife.com forums
 tlife at Adam P. Goucher's Catagolue
 thighlife at Adam P. Goucher's Catagolue
 tdrylife at Adam P. Goucher's Catagolue
 SilverLife at Adam P. Goucher's Catagolue