# Parabolic sawtooth

Parabolic sawtooth
Pattern type Sawtooth
Number of cells 889
Bounding box 126 × 114
Expansion factor n/a
Discovered by Dean Hickerson
Year of discovery 1991

Parabolic sawtooth is a diagonal sawtooth that was discovered by Dean Hickerson on June 26, 1991. It is of special note because unlike most other sawtooths, its graph of population versus generation number is a sawtooth graph with parabolic (as opposed to linear) envelope and its population returns to 1208 in amounts of time that are quadratically spaced (as opposed to exponentially spaced, like most sawtooths). It can be reduced by using the Simkin glider gun instead of the Gosper glider gun-based p120 guns.

## Description

The pattern can be seen below. It works by repeating the following operation for each n ≥ 0:

• A 4-glider salvo is sent southeast toward a block A, arriving in generation 20 n2 + 144 n + 353 + 80 cos(π*(2*n+1)/3)3.
• Block A is pushed 1 unit southeast and another block, B, is created upstream from block A. Every 108 generations, 2 gliders hit B and pull it 3 units northwest. Eventually block B gets deleted by a glider, at generation 20 n2 + 180 n + b[n mod 3], where b[0] = 193, b[1] = 223, and b[2] = 227.
• Another 4-glider salvo is sent toward block A.

The population is minimal around the time block B is deleted. The minimum repeating population that appears is 1208 in generations 180 n2 + 540 n + 210 and 180 n2 + 660 n + 450. The population is maximal around the time block B is created: there are about n/30 2-glider salvos on their way toward block B around generation t = 20 n2 + 144 n, so the population is about n/3 ~ sqrt(t/180) at that time.

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